What is Melasma/Hyperpigmentation?
Melasma, also known as chloasma, happens when uneven patches of dark skin show up on the face or forearms. These tan or brown spots usually occur symmetrically around the forehead, cheeks, nose, or upper lip. The appearance of melasma sets it apart from other conditions that lead to dark patches on the skin. Melasma and hyperpigmentation are common conditions and are found more frequently in females. It can be caused by sun damage or by hormonal changes, such as pregnancy and menopause. Those with darker skin types are more inclined to melasma compared to those who have lighter complexions. Dr. Manish Shah and his aesthetic team treat melasma and hyperpigmentation regularly at Shah Aesthetic Surgery in Denver, CO where we provide a number of remedies that may help reduce the appearance of the cosmetic condition.
"Amazing experience! - I came in for a consultation with Dr. Shah for a different issue and ended up speaking to Dr. Shah about skin care. I had horrible melasma and we discussed several treatment options. I was somewhat skeptical because I had tried so many different prescription and non-prescription treatments with minimal results. I had even tried laser, which did improve my acne scarring, however worsened my..."- I. / RealSelf / Oct 08, 2018
Causes of Melasma/Hyperpigmentation
The precise cause of melasma and hyperpigmentation remains unidentified. Experts feel that the dark spots in melasma could be triggered by various factors, including hormone fluctuations, family history of melasma, race, anti-seizure medications, and other medications that make the skin more susceptible to pigmentation after exposure to UV rays. Excess sunlight exposure is recognized as the main cause of melasma, especially in those with a genetic predisposition to this condition. Clinical studies have demonstrated that individuals typically develop melasma in the summer months when the sun is the most intense. In the winter, the hyperpigmentation tends to be less visible or lighter.
Symptoms of melasma
Melasma is recognized by discoloration or hyperpigmentation mostly in the facial areas. Three types of ordinary facial patterns have been recognized in individuals with melasma:
- Centrofacial (center of the face) – hyperpigmentation amid the upper lip, nose, chin, forehead, and cheeks
- Malar (cheekbones) – melasma patterns around the upper cheeks
- Mandibular (jawbone) – hyperpigmentation along the jaw
There are several choices for treating melasma and hyperpigmentation. First, there are a variety of topical creams, gels, or lotions that can be prescribed to help encourage skin lightening. Second, there are skin care treatments, such as microneedling and chemical peels. Another option is intense pulsed light therapy or IPL. Unlike lasers that use intense, concentrated light, IPL is intense broadband light, meaning the recovery time is brief. Improvements generally last when the individual implements good sun protection and upkeep.
Plan Your Procedure
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you are affected by melasma and hyperpigmentation and are fed up with attempting to cover it with cosmetics, or if you spend extra money on over-the-counter remedies that don't give you the outcome you would like, we invite you to contact Shah Aesthetic Surgery to schedule an appointment. Melasma needs a specialized diagnosis so the ideal treatment can be provided. If the incorrect remedy is applied, the skin may become worse. Dr. Shah can accurately diagnose and treat melasma and hyperpigmentation to supply you with a wonderful outcome.